GUIDE TO CYBER SECURITY

Cybersecurity Career Guide – Eligibility, Universities, Online Courses, and more…

Do you have an interest in computers and the Internet? Then, Cybersecurity could be the profession for you. This guide contains everything you need to know to get up to speed on the rapidly growing cybersecurity job market.

Cybersecurity careers are complex, and one can find many roles within banks, retailers, and government organizations, as your part would be to protect online data from being compromised. You can expect to safeguard an organization’s files and network, install firewalls, create security plans, and monitor activity on the job. If a breach occurs, you’ll be responsible for identifying the problem and finding a solution quickly.

As more of our personal information is stored online, it becomes more critical to step up security. Because of the frequency of cyberattacks, careers are varied, and qualified professionals are in demand.

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What is Cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity refers to the practice of safeguarding systems, computers, and data from digital attacks. These attacks often involve attempts to breach, modify, or damage the target’s computer system, resulting in interruption or downtime for services, theft of confidential or proprietary data, and exposure of personal information.

With rapidly growing internet use, the field of cybersecurity is also growing and changing. In the past, cybersecurity primarily focused on preventing access from the outside by using defense techniques such as firewalls or antivirus software to prevent cybercrimes. But now, cybersecurity is more than just antivirus and firewalls.

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According to secure works, today‘s internet travels in all directions at lightning speed, meaning that cybersecurity measures must be much more varied and sophisticated. The cybersecurity industry has expanded due to spending expected to exceed $1 trillion by 2021, as reported by Cybersecurity Ventures.

According to the Global Information Security Workforce Study, the digital economy is multiplying, and the need for cybersecurity is rising to record highs. By 2022, the global cybersecurity workforce shortage is projected to reach upwards of 1.8 million unfilled positions. This means that the career prospect is likely to see an increase.

Educational Requirements

The following Eligibility is required to enter the field of cybersecurity

Bachelor’s Degree

Pursuing a cybersecurity associate’s degree or bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity is required to begin your career. Many universities will have specialized programs for cybersecurity, but a computer science degree will also be beneficial.

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Cybersecurity certifications

Besides a bachelor’s or master’s degree from an accredited university, there are additional certifications that may help you to secure a job in this field.

According to a Burning Glass cybersecurity hiring report, approximately 60 percent of cybersecurity positions require that the applicant have at least one certification. The following are a few of the most popular certifications you can choose from. 

Network+

This certification is designed to teach students the basics of networking and industry-standard cybersecurity best practices. Network security, network infrastructure, and network troubleshooting will all be taught.

Certified Ethical Hacker

Available only to cybersecurity technicians with two years of experience or more, this certification is designed to teach cybersecurity technicians how to think like hackers. This certification is best suited for anyone who would like to become a penetration tester.

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Security+

Generally considered one of the most critical cybersecurity certifications, the Security+ program teaches students how to manage risks, locate vulnerabilities in a computer system, and understand cryptography as it relates to security. Other topics in the certification program include threat analysis and hacking mitigation techniques.

Certified Information Systems Security Professionals (CISSP)

Any person can obtain a CISSP certification with five years or more of experience in cybersecurity. Throughout the course, students will learn how to identify vulnerabilities in web-based systems.

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Licensed Penetration Tester (LPT)

The LPT is one of the most advanced certifications in the cybersecurity industry. It’s only awarded to technicians who have extensive experience in the industry and who’ve proven themselves capable of operating under pressure. The idea behind the LPT certification is that any technician who holds this certificate is qualified to respond quickly and efficiently to a real-time cybersecurity breach.

Top Universities for Cybersecurity degree

Stanford University

This private university is located in Stanford, California. This four-year university offers both bachelor’s and master’s degrees in computer science and programming. Students who graduate from Stanford earn an average salary of $106,000.

University of Maryland Global Campus

University of Maryland Global Campus offers 8 Cyber Security Degree programs. It is a four-year degree. In 2019, 1,409 Cyber Security students graduated, with students earning 874 Master’s degrees, 367 Bachelor’s degrees, and 168 Certificates. Graduates of the University of Maryland Global campus earn an average salary of $77,000.

The University of Texas at Austin

 The University of Texas at Austin offers a Computer and Information Sciences bachelor’s degree program to students and more advanced degrees in that and Computer and Information Systems Security, or Information Assurance.

Drexel University

Drexel University offers 7 Cyber Security Degree programs. Students who aim to earn a degree in information security, informatics, or cybersecurity can apply to this university. Graduates of Drexel University earn average salaries of $75,000.

University of Massachusetts – Amherst

The University of Amherst’s campus offers computer science and information security degree program options for undergraduate and graduate students. Graduates of the University of Amherst earn an average salary of $71,000.

Free online learning resources

If you have a degree in computer science or any other discipline related to computers; you can still learn cybersecurity through online courses; these courses are either free or less expensive and are a great way to begin your cybersecurity journey.

A few online resources are discussed below:

Coursera.org

Coursera is a digital platform that makes courses available to the public from over 200 of the world’s leading universities. Everything from a single topic course to certification, degree, and micro masters tracks are available. There is even a course on finding a cybersecurity job and the cybersecurity job interview process from the University of Georgia.

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Cybrary.it

Cybrary was created as a cybersecurity workforce training platform. It currently offers dozens of training modules across a wide range of topics. Some of the courses are free. The courses range from specific topic areas, such as understanding malware, to certification prep courses.

KhanAcademy.org

Khan Academy is a global digital learning platform that offers classes in specific topic areas. It is free of cost. Khan Academy provides many cybersecurity classes ranging from intro-level content to more advanced concepts.

OpenSecurityTraining.info

Like the others mentioned here, OpenSecurityTraining.info is a free resource that provides in-depth video and text-based resources in the form of specific skills training.

Top Jobs in Cybersecurity

According to data collected by the Bureau of Labor Statics (BLS), the demand for cybersecurity jobs like information security analysts will grow by as much as 31 percent over the next ten years. With cybersecurity becoming increasingly crucial to companies, expertise in this field is highly required by firms. Let’s discuss some of the top jobs in cybersecurity.

Blockchain Developer

Blockchain developers create and develop innovative systems as a response to challenges such as hacking. It is their job to ensure the security of digital transactions by recording and storing blockchain data using secure methods such as cryptography.

They often operate on multiple systems and know several different programming languages, as blockchain technology can be very complex. Some essential skills that blockchain developers need include blockchain architecture, data structures, web development, innovative contract development, and cryptography.

Cyber Security Project Manager

Cybersecurity project managers oversee the development of security systems that protect an organization’s employees, assets, and data. They coordinate with other cybersecurity specialists through different project stages and ensure that targets are met within a particular time frame and budget. It is effectively their job to ensure cybersecurity measures after analysts have determined the correct approach.

They usually have a degree in a field such as business management or computer science, while a project management master’s degree or professional certification.

Information Security Analyst

Information security analysts have the responsibility of creating plans and strategies for preventing cyber attacks. They are essentially the protectors of sensitive information, and they ensure that policies are being followed. Since the role of an information security analyst is highly technical, they generally have a bachelor’s degree in a subject such as computer science or programming.

Their primary jobs include monitoring systems and networks, detecting threats, analyzing and assessing issues, and generally protecting IT infrastructure from criminal activity. Once they have found a threat, they will decide whether to resolve or escalate it based on its danger.

Ethical Hacker

Ethical hackers’ job is to carry out advanced penetration tests on a company’s system and check any weaknesses or breaches in their security.They assess the safety of computer systems and fix any problems that they find so that real hackers can’t penetrate the system. They create preventative measures to stop hackers before they’ve even begun.

Certified ethical hackers don’t need a degree, but they usually have some form of certification. The most common is the CEH qualification, which requires you to have two years of security-related experience.

However, we would suggest that before taking any decision regarding your career, you should go through all the pros and cons of it.