MD after MBBS – Complete Guide

MD after MBBS – Complete Guide

MBBS ( Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) is a popular choice among students after completing 12th. Nearly 13 to 15 lakh students attempt NEET every year in anticipation of becoming a doctor. Few make it and most return disappointed. The four-year study of MBBS ends too soon, even before you can decide what next. MD after MBBS is one of the choices that you can opt for and is covered in this article.

What after MBBS? Which course is better, MD or MS? Is MD worth it? What is the scope of MD? Which MD is better after MBBS? Is MD after MBBS important?

Many questions arise but to answer all of them is not possible in this article, to get a personalized response feel free to contact us at ForeignAdmits. We provide education counseling, career counseling, mentoring, and help to students around the globe. We have more than a thousand happy clients who have settled well with our career choices.

Also Read: MBBS in Russia

What is MD? Why choose MD after MBBS?

MD is a post-graduate degree, candidates who have completed MBBS are eligible for an MD. It is similar to a doctorate degree in India and UK. Likewise, MS is also a post-graduate degree for candidates in the medical field. To pursue MS and MD or diploma in medicine you need to qualify the NEET-PG entrance test.

Medicine is a specialty field that narrows down your career choices to a handful. Similarly, MD is a three year, super-specialty course that further pinpoint or directs your career in a particular direction. To be able to make advancement in the medical field you need to choose one of the following specializations:  

  • Anesthesia
  • Anatomy
  • General medicine
  • Geriatric medicine
  • Forensic medicine
  • Physiology
  • Psychiatry
  • Pharmacology
  • Radiotherapy
  • Pediatric
  • Endocrinology
  • Dermatology
  • Cardiology
  • ENT

These are some common specializations of MD after MBBS available in India. Yet, there are many more specializations available depending on the medical school you choose.

Difference between MD and MS

Among these two courses, there is a world of difference, MD is a non-surgical field while MS is a specialization in surgery. Pursuing MD makes you a physician while pursuing MS makes you a surgeon. A surgeon can work as a physician with some extra medical knowledge while a physician cannot work as a surgeon.

One thing common in both courses is that one of the future aspects is teaching at a medical school. The difference in income of both is large. A surgeon can earn on an average of 70k to 100k while an MD after MBBS can earn 50k to 70k. These are the initial amounts, as the experience increases the salary also increases.

The main difference lies between what skills you possess and what kind of a job you can take up. Becoming a surgeon requires knowledge, patience, and expertise, rather it is an art. The job is demanding and calls for action at any time of the day. Saving people’s life is in your hands and one mistake can ruin anything. Hence, to summarize MS is rather a draining job with high pay, though later on you can retire from the hospital and work as a lecturer.

On the contrary, MD after MBBS is a more calming profession. It includes sitting on a chair, listening to people’s sufferings, and prescribing medicines. It is not all that simple as it seems, it requires enormous theoretical knowledge and an eye to diagnose a disease and correlating the symptoms.

In the end, it comes down to you, and what you really want. Think carefully about each and every aspect and then make a choice.

Eligibility Criteria

Candidate must complete his/her 11th and 12th with chemistry, physics, and biology as the main subjects.

Candidate must complete his/her MBBS from a reputed college or university and passed with a minimum of 55% marks.

The candidate should qualify for PG NEET.


For MD after MBBS, some institutes conduct their own entrances and hence if you want to apply for an institute like AIIMS ( All India Institute of Medical Science ) and likewise, you need not give PG NEET. The admission process is quite simple, it only depends on your performance in the entrance test and other successive rounds.

Best institutes for MD after MBBD

Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and ResearchPuducherry
AIIMS ( All India Institute of Medical Sciences )New Delhi
Maulana Azad Medical CollegeNew Delhi
Armed Forces Medical CollegePune, Maharashtra
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarh
Christian Medical CollegeVellore
Osmania Medical CollegeHyderabad
Best Institutes for MD after MBBS in India

Also Read: MCI-Recognized Medical Colleges around the World

In conclusion, choosing between MS and MD after MBBS is a personal decision, it depends on various factors already mentioned above. Both careers are equally rewarding but require different levels of skills, aptitude, and knowledge. You should opt for something that you are capable of and comfortable with. In the end, if you still need counselling we are always happy to help, contact us at ForeignAdmits.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. How long does it take to pursue MD after MBBS?

Ans. The MD program lasts three years, and students must pick any one speciality to study.

Q2. Can I pursue MD after completing my MBBS?

Ans. MD is a PG degree; applicants with an MBBS are qualified for an MD. It is comparable to a doctoral degree in the UK and India. Similarly, an MS is a PG degree for medical applicants. To study an MD, MS, or diploma in medical, you must pass the NEET-PG admission exam.

Q3. What are the requirements for MD?

Ans. The general qualifying criteria for admission to the MD programme are as below. 

  • Candidates must hold an MBBS degree from a recognised institution.
  • Candidate should have received a minimum of 50% in MBBS. 
  • Candidates must have completed a one-year internship.

Q4. Can an MBBS qualified perform surgery?

Ans. No MBBS practitioner can’t perform a surgery unless he or she also holds a Master of Surgery degree.

Q5. Can MD be a surgeon?

Ans. Doctor of Medicine (MD) is a medical doctor’s educational degree. The M.D. program is the earliest and also most frequent medical degree obtained by surgeons and doctors in the US. The MD degree is usually completed in four years.

At ForeignAdmits, we understand how important this decision is. We are here to help you every step of the way, from finding the right school to getting admitted and securing scholarships.

ForeignAdmits have a team of experienced counsellors. We can provide you with customized guidance based on your individual needs contact us today to get started. We look forward to helping you achieve your educational and career goals!